On January 19, 2004 the ARRL Board of Directors voted to request that FCC amend Part 97 to restructure the Amateur Radio Service and to introduce a new entry-level “Novice” code-free license with HF privileges (see ARRL to Propose New Entry-Level License, Code-Free HF Access).
ARRL Headquarters has produced an excellent Frequently Asked Questions document that answers your questions about restructuring and explains the rationale behind the League’s request.
Please take a moment and review this material. When the period for comment arrives, I would encourage everyone to voice their views–pro or con—on this important issue. -K9HI